23
January
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January 23 in History
2009
Dendermonde nursery attack occurred in Dendermonde, Belgium.
2003
Final communication between Earth and Pioneer 10
2002
Reporter Daniel Pearl is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan and is subsequently murdered .
"American Taliban" John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in FBI custody.
1997
Antonis Daglis, a 23-year-old Greek truck driver is sentenced to thirteen consecutive life sentences, plus 25 years for the serial slayings of three women and the attempted murder of six others.
Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.
1986
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley.
1985
O.J. Simpson becomes the first Heisman Trophy winner elected to the Football Hall of Fame.
1973
A volcanic eruption devastates Heimaey in the Vestmannaeyjar chain of islands off the south coast of Iceland.
President Richard Nixon announces that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.
1968
North Korea seizes the {{USS|Pueblo|AGER-2}}, claiming the ship had violated their territorial waters while spying.
1967
Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Ivory Coast are established.
1964
The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.
1963
Guinea-Bissau War of Independence offially begins when PAIGC guerrilla fighters attacked the Portuguese army stationed in Tite.
1960
The bathyscaphe USS ''Trieste'' breaks a depth record by descending to 10,911 m (35,798 feet) in the Pacific Ocean.
1958
Overthrow in Venezuela of Marcos Pérez Jiménez
1950
The Knesset passes a resolution that states Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
1945
World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.
1943
World War II: The Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse on Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal campaign ends.
Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.
World War II: Australian and American forces finally defeat the Japanese army in Papua. This turning point in the Pacific War marks the beginning of the end of Japanese aggression.
World War II: Troops of Montgomery's 8th Army capture Tripoli in Libya from the German-Italian Panzer Army.
1941
Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.
1937
In Moscow, 17 leading Communists go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime and assassinate its leaders.
1920
The Netherlands refuses to surrender ex-Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the Allies.
1912
The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
1907
Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes the first Native American U.S. Senator.
1904
Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.
1900
The Battle of Spion Kop between the forces of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State and British forces during the Second Boer War resulted in a British defeat.
1899
Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.
1897
Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
1879
Anglo-Zulu War: the Battle of Rorke's Drift ends.
1870
In Montana, U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans, mostly women and children, in the Marias Massacre.
1855
The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge.
1849
Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Medical Institute of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States' first female doctor.
1793
Second Partition of Poland: Russia and Prussia partition Poland for the second time.
1789
Georgetown College, the first Roman Catholic college in the United States, is founded in Georgetown, Maryland (now a part of Washington, D.C.)
1719
The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.
1656
Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his ''Lettres provinciales''.
1579
The Union of Utrecht forms a Protestant republic in the Netherlands.
1571
The Royal Exchange opens in London.
1570
The assassination of regent James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray throws Scotland into civil war.
1556
The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.
1546
Having published nothing for eleven years, François Rabelais publishes the ''Tiers Livre'', his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.
1533
Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII of England, discovers herself pregnant.
1510
Henry VIII of England, then 18 years old, appears incognito in the lists at Richmond, and is applauded for his jousting before he reveals his identity.
1368
In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
971
In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops.
393
Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor.