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Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...
Timeline of Events
1408
12.5.1408
Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow.
1612
11.1.1612
(22 October O.S.) Time of Troubles in Russia: Moscow, Kitai-gorod, is captured by Russian troops under command of Dmitry Pozharsky
1708
9.11.1708
Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the Great Northern War. The army is defeated nine months later in the Battle of Poltava, and the Swedish empire ceases to be a major power.
1752
6.6.1752
A devastating fire destroys one-third of Moscow, including 18,000 homes.
1812
9.14.1812
Napoleonic Wars: French grenadiers enter Moscow. The Fire of Moscow begins as soon as Russian troops leave the city.
9.15.1812
The French army under Napoleon reaches the Kremlin in Moscow.
10.19.1812
Napoleon I of France retreats from Moscow.
10.24.1812
Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.
1876
11.17.1876
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Slavonic March is given its première performance in Moscow.
1877
3.4.1877
Tchaikovsky's ballet ''Swan Lake'' receives its première performance at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow.
1882
8.20.1882
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ''1812 Overture'' debuts in Moscow.
1888
3.20.1888
The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta is staged in Moscow, Russia.
1896
5.18.1896
Khodynka Tragedy: A mass panic on Khodynka Field in Moscow during the festivities of the coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II results in the deaths of 1,389 people.
1918
3.12.1918
Moscow becomes the capital of Russia again after Saint Petersburg held this status for 215 years.
1937
1.23.1937
In Moscow, 17 leading Communists go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime and assassinate its leaders.
1941
10.2.1941
World War II: In Operation Typhoon, Germany begins an all-out offensive against Moscow.
10.23.1941
World War II: Field Marshal Georgy Zhukov takes command of Red Army operations to prevent the further advance into Russia of German forces and to prevent the Wehrmacht from capturing Moscow.
11.12.1941
World War II: Temperatures around Moscow drop to -12 ° C and the Soviet Union launches ski troops for the first time against the freezing German forces near the city.
1952
8.12.1952
The Night of the Murdered Poets: thirteen prominent Jewish intellectuals are murdered in Moscow.
1954
6.27.1954
The world's first nuclear power station opens in Obninsk, near Moscow.
1956
2.14.1956
The XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union begins in Moscow. On the last night of the meeting, Premier Nikita Khrushchev condemns Joseph Stalin's crimes in a secret speech.
1958
4.13.1958
Van Cliburn is the first American to win the Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow.
1959
7.24.1959
At the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev have a "Kitchen Debate".
1960
8.19.1960
Cold War: in Moscow, downed American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to ten years imprisonment by the Soviet Union for espionage.
1965
7.20.1965
Turkish prime minister Suat Hayri Urguplu returns from a visit to Moscow and announces the Soviet Union will provide aid to his country.
1968
7.1.1968
The Nuclear non-proliferation treaty is signed in Washington, D.C., London and Moscow by sixty-two countries.
1969
6.5.1969
The International communist conference begins in Moscow.
1972
10.13.1972
An Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-62 crashed outside Moscow killing 176.
1980
3.21.1980
US President Jimmy Carter announces a United States boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow to protest the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.
1982
5.12.1982
During a procession outside the shrine of the Virgin Mary in Fátima, Portugal, security guards overpower Juan Fernandez Krohn before he can attack Pope John Paul II with a bayonet. Krohn, an ultraconservative Spanish priest opposed to the Vatican II reforms, believed that the Pope had to be killed for being an "agent of Moscow".
1985
7.13.1985
The Live Aid benefit concert takes place in London and Philadelphia, as well as other venues such as Sydney and Moscow.
1987
5.28.1987
19-year-old West German pilot Mathias Rust evades Soviet Union air defenses and lands a private plane in the Red Square in Moscow. He is immediately detained and will not be released until August 3, 1988.
1988
5.29.1988
U.S. President Ronald Reagan begins his first visit to the Soviet Union when he arrives in Moscow for a superpower summit with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
1990
1.31.1990
The first McDonald's in the Soviet Union opens in Moscow.
9.12.1990
The two German states and the Four Powers sign the Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany in Moscow, paving the way for German re-unification.
1993
1.3.1993
In Moscow, George H. W. Bush and Boris Yeltsin sign the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START).
10.4.1993
Russian Constitutional Crisis: In Moscow, tanks bombard the White House, a government building that housed the Russian parliament, while demonstrators against President Boris Yeltsin rally outside.
1996
1.24.1996
Polish Premier Jozef Oleksy resigns amid charges that he spied for Moscow.
1999
8.31.1999
The first of a series of bombings in Moscow kills one person and wounds 40 others.
2000
8.27.2000
convert 540-tall Ostankino Tower in Moscow catches fire, three people are killed.