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France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean...
Timeline of Events
1792
9.20.1792
French troops stop allied invasion of France, during the War of the First Coalition at Valmy.
9.21.1792
The National Convention declares France a republic and abolishes the monarchy.
9.26.1792
Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France.
1793
2.1.1793
French Revolutionary Wars: France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.
3.4.1793
French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands.
6.24.1793
The first Republican constitution in France is adopted.
7.23.1793
Prussia re-conquers Mainz from France.
10.5.1793
French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.
10.15.1793
Queen Marie-Antoinette of France is tried and condemned in a swift, pre-determined trial in the Palais de Justice, Paris, and condemned to death the following day.
11.3.1793
French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined.
12.18.1793
Surrender of the frigate ''La Lutine'' by French Royalists to Lord Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck.
12.26.1793
Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians.
1794
2.4.1794
The French legislature abolishes slavery throughout all territories of the French Republic.
3.28.1794
Allies under the prince of Coburg defeat French forces at Le Cateau.
4.30.1794
The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
5.8.1794
Branded a traitor during the Reign of Terror by revolutionists, French chemist Antoine Lavoisier, who was also a tax collector with the ''Ferme Générale'', is tried, convicted, and guillotined all on the same day in Paris.
7.13.1794
The Battle of the Vosges is fought between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria.
1795
4.7.1795
France adopts the metre as the basic measure of length.
10.1.1795
Belgium is conquered by France.
1796
4.28.1796
The Armistice of Cherasco is signed by Napoleon Bonaparte and Vittorio Amedeo III, the King of Sardinia, expanding French territory along the Mediterranean coast.
1797
10.17.1797
Treaty of Campo Formio is signed between France and Austria
1798
7.7.1798
Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the "war".
8.22.1798
French troops land in Kilcummin harbour, County Mayo, Ireland to aid Wolfe Tone's United Irishmen's Irish Rebellion.
1799
7.15.1799
The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.
8.23.1799
Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.
1800
10.1.1800
Spain cedes Louisiana to France via the Treaty of San Ildefonso.
12.3.1800
War of the Second Coalition: Battle of Hohenlinden, French General Moreau defeats the Austrian Archduke John near Munich decisively, coupled with First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte's victory at Marengo effectively forcing the Austrians to sign an armistice and ending the war.
1801
3.21.1801
The Battle of Alexandria is fought between British and French forces near the ruins of Nicopolis in Egypt.
1802
4.26.1802
Napoleon Bonaparte signs a general amnesty to allow all but about one thousand of the most notorious émigrés of the French Revolution to return to France, as part of a reconciliary gesture with the factions of the Ancien Regime and to eventually consolidate his own rule.
1803
4.30.1803
Louisiana Purchase: The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, more than doubling the size of the young nation.
7.5.1803
The Convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king).
11.30.1803
In New Orleans, Louisiana, Spanish representatives officially transfer the Louisiana Territory to a French representative. Just 20 days later, France transfers the same land to the United States as the Louisiana Purchase.
1804
1.1.1804
French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black republic and second independent country on the American Continent after the U.S.
3.10.1804
Louisiana Purchase: In St. Louis, Missouri, a formal ceremony is conducted to transfer ownership of the Louisiana Territory from France to the United States.
3.21.1804
Code Napoléon is adopted as French civil law.
1805
10.14.1805
Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria
10.21.1805
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Trafalgar: A British fleet led by Vice Admiral Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain under Admiral Villeneuve. It signals almost the end of French maritime power and leaves Britain's navy unchallenged until the twentieth century.
12.26.1805
Austria and France sign the Treaty of Pressburg.
1806
10.8.1806
Napoleonic Wars: Forces of the British Empire lay siege to the port of Boulogne in France by using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve.
10.9.1806
Prussia declares war on France.