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Libya
Libya is an African country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west....
Timeline of Events
1801
8.1.1801
First Barbary War: The American schooner USS Enterprise captures the Tripolitan polacca ''Tripoli'' in a single-ship action off the coast of modern-day Libya.
1911
10.23.1911
First use of aircraft in war: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines during the Turco-Italian War.
1912
10.19.1912
Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
1922
9.13.1922
The temperature (in the shade) at Al 'Aziziyah, Libya reaches a world record Convert 57.8.
1940
6.17.1940
World War II: the British Army's 11th Hussars assault and take Fort Capuzzo in Libya, Africa from Italian forces.
1943
1.23.1943
World War II: Troops of Montgomery's 8th Army capture Tripoli in Libya from the German-Italian Panzer Army.
1951
12.24.1951
Libya becomes independent from Italy. Idris I is proclaimed King of Libya.
1955
12.14.1955
1963
4.26.1963
In Libya, amendments to the constitution transform Libya (United Kingdom of Libya) into one national unity (Kingdom of Libya) and allows for female participation in elections.
1969
9.1.1969
A revolution in Libya brings Muammar al-Gaddafi to power, which is later transferred to the People's Committees.
1970
1.15.1970
Muammar al-Qaddafi is proclaimed premier of Libya.
1975
8.4.1975
The Japanese Red Army takes more than 50 hostages at the AIA Building housing several embassies in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The hostages include the U.S. consul and the Swedish chargé d’affaires. The gunmen win the release of five imprisoned comrades and fly with them to Libya.
1977
12.5.1977
Egypt breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq and South Yemen. The move is in retaliation for the Declaration of Tripoli against Egypt.
1979
12.16.1979
Libya joins four other OPEC nations in raising crude oil prices, having an immediate dramatic effect on the United States.
1981
8.19.1981
Gulf of Sidra Incident: United States fighters intercept and shoot down two Libyan Sukhoi Su-22 fighter jets over the Gulf of Sidra.
1984
4.17.1984
Police Constable Yvonne Fletcher is killed by gunfire from the Libyan People's Bureau in London during a small demonstration outside the embassy. Ten others are wounded. The events lead to an 11-day siege of the building.
1986
4.14.1986
In retaliation for the April 5 bombing in West Berlin that killed two U.S. servicemen, U.S. president Ronald Reagan orders major bombing raids against Libya, killing 60 people.
4.15.1986
The United States launches Operation El Dorado Canyon, its bombing raids against Libyan targets in response to a bombing in West Germany that killed two U.S. servicemen.
1991
11.14.1991
American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103.
1998
8.24.1998
The Netherlands is selected as the site for the trial of the two Libyan suspects of the 1988 Pan Am bombing.
1999
4.5.1999
Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands.
2001
1.31.2001
In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts Libyan Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi and acquits another Libyan citizen for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which blew up over Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.
2002
6.6.2002
Eastern Mediterranean Event. A near-Earth asteroid estimated at 10 metres diameter explodes over the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Libya. The resulting explosion is estimated to have a force of 26 kilotons, slightly more powerful than the Nagasaki atomic bomb.
2003
9.12.2003
The United Nations lifts sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
2004
2.26.2004
The United States lifts a ban on travel to Libya, ending travel restrictions to the nation that had lasted for 23 years.
4.24.2004
The United States lifts economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years previously, as a reward for its cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction.