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Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...
Timeline of Events
1903
4.6.1903
The Kishinev pogrom in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.
1921
9.11.1921
Nahalal, the first moshav in Palestine, is settled as part of a Zionist plan to colonize Palestine and creating a Jewish state, later to be Israel.
1948
5.13.1948
1948 Arab-Israeli War: the Kfar Etzion massacre is committed by Arab irregulars, the day before the declaration of independence of the state of Israel on May 14.
5.14.1948
Israel is declared to be an independent state and a provisional government is established. Immediately after the declaration, Israel is attacked by the neighboring Arab states, triggering the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
7.16.1948
Following token resistance, the city of Nazareth, revered by Christians as the hometown of Jesus, capitulates to Israeli troops during Operation Dekel in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
9.17.1948
The Lehi (also known as the Stern gang) assassinates Count Folke Bernadotte, who was appointed by the UN to mediate between the Arab nations and Israel.
1949
1.19.1949
Cuba recognizes Israel.
2.14.1949
The Knesset (Israeli parliament) convenes for the first time.
5.11.1949
Israel joins the United Nations.
7.20.1949
Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their nineteen-month war.
12.13.1949
The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem.
1950
1.23.1950
The Knesset passes a resolution that states Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
7.5.1950
Zionism: the Knesset passes the Law of Return which grants all Jews the right to immigrate to Israel.
1953
2.11.1953
The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel.
1955
2.13.1955
Israel obtains 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls.
1956
10.29.1956
Suez Crisis begins: Israeli forces invade the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal.
11.7.1956
Suez Crisis: The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt.
1957
1.22.1957
Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
10.29.1957
Israel's prime minister David Ben Gurion and five of his ministers are injured when a hand grenade is tossed into Israel's parliament, the Knesset.
1960
5.11.1960
In Buenos Aires, Argentina, four Israeli Mossad agents capture fugitive Nazi Adolf Eichmann who is living under the alias of Ricardo Klement.
1961
12.9.1961
The trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Israel ends with verdicts of guilty on 15 criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership of an outlawed organization.
1962
5.31.1962
Adolf Eichmann is hanged in Israel.
1965
5.12.1965
West Germany and Israel establish diplomatic relations.
1967
5.23.1967
Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran and blockades the port of Eilat at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping, laying the foundations for the Six Day War.
5.24.1967
Egypt imposes a blockade and siege of the Red Sea coast of Israel.
6.5.1967
Six-Day War begins: The Israeli air force launches simultaneous pre-emptive attacks on the air forces of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
6.7.1967
Israeli forces enter Jerusalem during the Six-Day War.
6.9.1967
Six-Day War: Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria
6.10.1967
The Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.
6.28.1967
Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
8.1.1967
Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
11.22.1967
UN Security Council Resolution 242 is adopted by the UN Security Council, establishing a set of the principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an Arab-Israeli peace settlement.
1968
2.11.1968
Israeli-Jordanian border clashes.
7.23.1968
The only successful hijacking of an El Al aircraft takes place when a Boeing 707 carrying 10 crew and 38 passengers is taken over by three members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. The aircraft was en route from Rome, Italy, to Lod, Israel.
1969
8.27.1969
Israeli commando force penetrates deep into Egyptian territory to stage a mortar attack on regional Egyptian Army headquarters in the Nile Valley of Upper Egypt.
1970
9.11.1970
The Dawson's Field hijackers release 88 of their hostages. The remaining hostages, mostly Jews and Israeli citizens, are held until September 25.
1972
9.5.1972
Munich Massacre: A Palestinian terrorist group called "Black September" attack and take hostage 11 Israel athletes at the Munich Olympic Games. 2 die in the attack and 9 die the following day.
9.6.1972
Munich Massacre: 9 Israel athletes taken hostage at the Munich Olympic Games by the Palestinian "Black September" terrorist group died (as did a German policeman) at the hands of the kidnappers during a failed rescue attempt. 2 other Israeli athletes are slain in the initial attack the previous day.
9.19.1972
A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.
1973
2.21.1973
Over the Sinai Desert, Israeli fighter aircraft shoot down Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 jet killing 108.