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Argentina
Argentina , officially the Argentine Republic , is the second largest country in South America by land area, after Brazil. It is constituted as a federation of 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires...
Timeline of Events
1536
2.2.1536
Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1582
4.16.1582
Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina.
1725
10.4.1725
Foundation of Rosario in Argentina.
1813
8.19.1813
Gervasio Antonio de Posadas joins Argentina's second triumvirate.
1814
1.31.1814
Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
1816
7.9.1816
Argentina declares independence from Spain.
1817
1.19.1817
An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, crosses the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.
2.6.1817
The Argentinian San Martín crosses the Andes with an army in order to liberate Chile from Spanish rule.
2.12.1817
An Argentine/Chilean patriotic army, after crossing the Andes, defeats Spanish troops on the Battle of Chacabuco.
1827
3.7.1827
Brazil marines unsuccessfully attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina.
1828
8.27.1828
Uruguay is formally proclaimed independent at preliminary peace talks brokered by Great Britain between Brazil and Argentina during the Argentina-Brazil War.
1865
5.1.1865
The Empire of Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay sign the Treaty of the Triple Alliance
7.28.1865
Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.
1875
10.22.1875
First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
1903
3.25.1903
Racing Club de Avellaneda, one of the big five of Argentina, is founded.
1904
2.22.1904
The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina, the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.
1913
12.1.1913
Buenos Aires,Argentina. The Buenos Aires Subway starts operating, it`s the first underground railway system in the southern hemisphere and in Latin America
1930
9.6.1930
Democratically elected Argentine president Hipólito Yrigoyen is deposed in a military coup.
1943
6.4.1943
A military coup in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo.
1945
5.12.1945
Argentinian labour leader José Peter declares the ''Federación Obrera de la Industria de la Carne'' dissolved.
10.17.1945
A massive number of people, headed by CGT and Evita, gather in the Plaza de Mayo in Argentina to demand Juan Peron's release. This is known to the Peronists as the ''Día de la lealtad'' (Loyalty Day). It's considered the founding day of Peronism.
10.21.1945
Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón marries actress Evita.
1946
6.6.1946
Soviet Union established diplomatic relations with Argentina.
1950
4.19.1950
Argentina becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1951
2.25.1951
The first Pan American Games are held in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1955
9.16.1955
Juan Perón is deposed as the ruler of Argentina.
1960
5.11.1960
In Buenos Aires, Argentina, four Israeli Mossad agents capture fugitive Nazi Adolf Eichmann who is living under the alias of Ricardo Klement.
1964
9.29.1964
The Argentine comic strip Mafalda is published for the first time.
1967
6.10.1967
Argentina becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1972
10.13.1972
Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes mountains, near the border between Argentina and Chile. By December 23, 1972, only 16 out of 45 people lived long enough to be rescued.
1973
6.20.1973
Ezeiza massacre in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Snipers fire upon left-wing Peronists. At least 13 are killed and more than 300 are injured.
9.23.1973
Juan Perón returns to power in Argentina.
1974
6.29.1974
Isabel Perón is sworn in as the first female President of Argentina. Her husband, President Juan Peron, had delegated responsibility due to weak health and died two days later.
1976
3.24.1976
In Argentina, the armed forces overthrow the constitutional government of President Isabel Perón and start a 7-year dictatorial period self-styled the ''National Reorganization Process''. Since 2006, a public holiday known as Day of Remembrance for Truth and Justice is held on this day.
1982
3.19.1982
Falklands War: Argentinian forces land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war with the United Kingdom.
4.2.1982
Falklands War: Argentina invades the Falkland Islands.
4.3.1982
The United Kingdom sends a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands from Argentina.
5.2.1982
Falklands War: The British nuclear submarine HMS ''Conqueror'' sinks the Argentine cruiser ARA ''General Belgrano''.
5.4.1982
Twenty sailors are killed when the British Type 42 destroyer HMS ''Sheffield'' (D80) is hit by an Argentinian Exocet missile during the Falklands War.
5.28.1982
Falklands War: British forces defeat the Argentines at the Battle of Goose Green.