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People's Republic of China
China , officially the People's Republic of China , is the most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion citizens. Located in East Asia, the country covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres...
Timeline of Events
1901
9.7.1901
The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ends with the signing of the Boxer Protocol.
1904
2.8.1904
Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War.
1908
12.2.1908
Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne at the age of two
1911
10.9.1911
An accidental bomb explosion in Hankou, Wuhan, China leads to the ultimate fall of the Qing Empire
10.10.1911
The Wuchang Uprising leads to the demise of Qing Dynasty, the last Imperial court in China, and the founding of the Republic of China.
1912
8.25.1912
The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.
1914
8.23.1914
World War I: Japan declares war on Germany and bombs Qingdao, China.
1919
5.4.1919
May Fourth Movement: Student demonstrations take place in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China, protesting the Treaty of Versailles, which transferred Chinese territory to Japan.
1920
12.16.1920
The Haiyuan earthquake, magnitude 8.5, rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000.
1921
3.13.1921
Mongolia, under Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg, declares its independence from China.
1927
12.11.1927
Guangzhou Uprising: Communist militia and worker Red Guards launch an uprising in the Chinese city of Guangzhou, taking over most of the city and announcing the formation of a Guangzhou Soviet.
1928
5.3.1928
Japanese atrocities in Jinan, China.
1932
12.25.1932
A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China kills
1934
10.16.1934
Chinese Communists begin the Long March; it ended a year and four days later, by which time Mao Zedong had regained his title as party chairman.
1937
7.29.1937
Tōngzhōu Incident: in Tōngzhōu (China), the East Hopei Army attacks Japanese troops and civilians.
12.12.1937
Panay incident: Japanese aircraft bomb and sink US gunboat ''Panay'' on the Yangtze River in China.
1940
3.30.1940
Sino-Japanese War: Japan declares Nanking capital of a new Chinese puppet government, nominally controlled by Wang Ching-wei.
1941
12.20.1941
World War II: First battle of the American Volunteer Group, better known as the "Flying Tigers" in Kunming, China.
1943
1.11.1943
World War II: The United States and United Kingdom give up territorial rights in China.
1945
9.3.1945
Three-day celebration was held in China, following the Victory over Japan Day on September 2.
1948
4.7.1948
A Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead.
11.1.1948
Off southern Manchuria, 6,000 people are killed as a Chinese merchant ship explodes and sinks.
1949
9.29.1949
The Communist Party of China writes the Common Programme for the future People's Republic of China.
10.1.1949
The People's Republic of China is declared by Mao Zedong.
1950
1.6.1950
The United Kingdom recognizes the People's Republic of China. The Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with the UK in response.
2.15.1950
The Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China sign a mutual defense treaty.
11.26.1950
Korean War: Troops from the People's Republic of China launch a massive counterattack in North Korea against South Korean and United Nations forces (the Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River and the Battle of Chosin Reservoir), ending any hopes of a quick end to the conflict.
11.29.1950
Korean War: North Korean and Chinese troops force United Nations forces to retreat from North Korea.
1951
1.4.1951
Korean War: Chinese and North Korean forces capture Seoul.
5.23.1951
Tibetans sign the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet with the People's Republic of China.
1953
7.27.1953
The Korean War ends when the United States, the People's Republic of China, and North Korea sign an armistice agreement. Syngman Rhee, President of South Korea, refuses to sign but pledges to observe the armistice.
1959
3.10.1959
Tibetan uprising: Fearing an abduction attempt by China, 300,000 Tibetans surround the Dalai Lama's palace to prevent his removal.
4.27.1959
The last Canadian missionary leaves the People's Republic of China.
1962
11.21.1962
The Chinese People's Liberation Army declares a unilateral cease-fire in the Sino-Indian War.
1964
10.16.1964
The People's Republic of China detonates its first nuclear weapon.
1965
9.7.1965
China announces that it will reinforce its troops on the Indian border.
1966
5.25.1966
The first prominent dàzìbào during the Cultural Revolution in China is posted at Peking University.
8.1.1966
Purges of intellectuals and imperialists becomes official People's Republic of China policy at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.
1967
8.7.1967
Vietnam War: the People's Republic of China agrees to give North Vietnam an undisclosed amount of aid in the form of a grant.
1970
4.24.1970
The first Chinese satellite, Dong Fang Hong I, is launched.