26
September
  Advertisement
Home  /  Timelines  /  Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Although Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, its western-most point is only from Kazakhstan's eastern tip. Ulan Bator, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the population...
Timeline of Events
1229
9.13.1229
Ögedei Khan was proclaimed Qaghan of the Mongol Empire in Kodoe Aral, Khentii: Mongolia.
1271
12.18.1271
Kublai Khan renames his empire "Yuan" (元 yuán), officially marking the start of the Yuan Dynasty of Mongolia and China.
1287
6.14.1287
Kublai Khan defeated the force of Nayan and other traditionalist Borjigin princes in East Mongolia and Manchuria.
1911
12.29.1911
Mongolia gains independence from the Qing dynasty.
1921
3.13.1921
Mongolia, under Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg, declares its independence from China.
7.11.1921
The Red Army captures Mongolia from the White Army and establishes the Mongolian People's Republic.
1971
9.13.1971
People's Republic of China: Chairman Mao Zedong's second in command and successor Marshal Lin Biao flees the country via plane after the failure of alleged coup against Mao. The plane crashes in Mongolia, killing all aboard.
1989
12.10.1989
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj announces the establishment of Mongolia's democratic movement that changes the second oldest communist country into a democracy.
1993
6.6.1993
Mongolia holds its first direct presidential elections.
1997
3.9.1997
Comet Hale-Bopp: Observers in China, Mongolia and eastern Siberia are treated to a rare double feature as an eclipse permits Hale-Bopp to be seen during the day.
2001
12.19.2001
A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg) is recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia.