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Independence
Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over its territory....
Timeline of Events
1454
3.6.1454
Thirteen Years' War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to King Casimir IV of Poland who agrees to commit his forces in aiding the Confederation's struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.
1568
5.23.1568
The Netherlands declare their independence from Spain.
1811
5.14.1811
Paraguay gains independence from Spain.
1813
5.23.1813
South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed ''El Libertador'' ("The Liberator").
1854
2.23.1854
The official independence of the Orange Free State is declared.
1867
5.11.1867
Luxembourg gains its independence.
1895
2.24.1895
Revolution breaks out in Baire, a town near Santiago de Cuba, beginning the second war for Cuban independence, that ends with the Spanish-American War in 1898.
1908
9.22.1908
The independence of Bulgaria is proclaimed.
1918
11.1.1918
Western Ukraine gains its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
1958
9.28.1958
France ratifies a new Constitution of France; the French Fifth Republic is then formed upon the formal adoption of the new constitution on October 4. Guinea rejects the new constitution, voting for independence instead.
1959
2.19.1959
The United Kingdom grants Cyprus independence, which is then formally proclaimed on August 16, 1960.
1960
7.1.1960
Independence of Somalia.
1990
7.27.1990
The Supreme Soviet of the Belarusian Soviet Republic declares independence of Belarus from the Soviet Union. Until 1996 the day is celebrated as the Independence Day of Belarus; after a referendum held that year the celebration of independence is moved to June 3.
1991
12.16.1991
Independence of The Republic of Kazakhstan.