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Kingdom of England
The Kingdom of England was, from 927 to 1707, a sovereign state to the northwest of continental Europe. At its height, the Kingdom of England spanned the southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain and several smaller outlying islands; what today comprises the legal jurisdiction of England and Wales...
Timeline of Events
910
8.5.910
The last major Danish army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward the Elder and Earl Aethelred of Mercia.
1295
10.23.1295
The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris.
1314
6.24.1314
First War of Scottish Independence: the Battle of Bannockburn concludes with a decisive victory of the Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce, though England did not recognise Scottish independence until 1328 with the signing of the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton.
1389
7.18.1389
Kingdom of France and Kingdom of England agree to the Truce of Leulinghem, in inaugurating a 13 year peace; the longest period of sustained peace during the Hundred Years War.
1461
3.4.1461
Wars of the Roses in England: Lancastrian King Henry VI is deposed by his Yorkist cousin, who then becomes King Edward IV.
1575
7.7.1575
Raid of the Redeswire, the last major battle between England and Scotland.
1580
10.10.1580
After a three-day siege, the English Army beheads over 600 Irish and Papal soldiers and civilians at Dún an Óir, Ireland.
1603
7.25.1603
James VI of Scotland is crowned as king of England (James I of England), bringing the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland into personal union. Political union would occur in 1707.
1607
4.26.1607
English colonists of the Jamestown settlement make landfall at Cape Henry, Virginia.
5.14.1607
1688
6.30.1688
The Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William (continuing the English rebellion from Rome), which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution.
1701
7.19.1701
Representatives of the Iroquois Confederacy sign the Nanfan Treaty, ceding a large territory north of the Ohio River to England.
1702
3.8.1702
Anne Stuart, sister of Mary II, becomes Queen regnant of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1707
5.1.1707
The Act of Union joins the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.